Welcome to the XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre
The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
Read more about the spacecraft, mirrors and instruments and about the XMM-Newton SOC.
News and Highlights
Crescent Nebula, 11-Dec-2017
A young massive star that began life around 25 times more massive than our own Sun is shedding shells of material and fast winds to create this dynamic scene captured by ESA’s XMM-Newton.
Further details on ESA's Space in Images web portal.
Surprisingly erratic X-ray auroras discovered at Jupiter, 30-Oct-2017
ESA's XMM-Newton and NASA's Chandra X-ray space telescopes have revealed that, unlike Earth's polar lights, the intense auroras seen at Jupiter's poles unexpectedly behave independently of one another.
Further details on ESA's Science & Technology web portal.
X-rays reveal temperament of possible planet-hosting stars, 06-Sep-2017
A new study using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and ESA’s XMM-Newton suggests X-rays emitted by a planet’s host star may provide critical clues to how hospitable a star system could be.
Further details on Astronomy Now web pages.
X-Ray Eyes on a Wolf-Rayet Nebula, 05-Sep-2017
As very massive stars evolve off the main sequence, they sometimes lose more than half their initial mass through dense, slow winds. The stars’ hot cores are laid bare, emitting copious ultraviolet photons that ionize the expelled material...
Further details on the AAS Nova portal.
XMM-Newton 17th Announcement of Opportunity (AO-17), 22-Aug-2017
The XMM-Newton Seventeenth Announcement of Opportunity is now open and observing proposals may be submitted.
The deadline is 6 October 2017, 12:00 UT
Further details here on our XMM-Newton SOC website.
A Large Fraction of Rapidly-Growing Supermassive Black Holes Evade Census, 10-Jul-2017
Highly obscured and rapidly growing supermassive black holes (SMBH), known as AGN, might represent the key phase when SMBH accreted most of their mass and when the relationship between galaxies and their central SMBHs was established.
Further details on ESA's Space in Images pages.