Solar wind-Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Link Explorer



SMILE definition study report (Red Book), published 17 December 2018, shall be refereed to as follows

Branduardi-Raymont, G., Wang, C., Escoubet, C.P. et al., SMILE definition study report, European Space Agency, ESA/SCI, 1, 2018;
See full citation below

Dai, L., Y. Han, C. Wang, S. Yao, W. Gonzalez, S. Duan1, B. Lavraud, Y. Ren, and Z. Guo, Geoeffectiveness of Interplanetary Alfvén Waves. I. Magnetopause Magnetic Reconnection and Directly Driven Substorms, ApJ., 945, 47, 2023;

Petrinec, S. M., Kletzing, C. A., Bounds, S. R., Fuselier, S. A., Trattner, K. J., & Sawyer, R. P. (2023). TRICE-2 rocket observations in the low-altitude cusp: Boundaries and comparisons with models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 128, e2022JA030952.

Wang, R. C., Li, D., Sun, T., Peng, X., Yang, Z., & Wang, J. Q. (2023). A 3D magnetospheric CT reconstruction method based on 3D GAN and supplementary limited-angle 2D soft X-ray images. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 128, e2022JA030424.

Guo, Y., T. Sun, C. Wang, S. Sembay,  Deriving the magnetopause position from wide field-of-view soft X-ray imager simulation. Sci. China Earth Sci. 65, 1601–1611 (2022).

Jorgensen, A. M., Xu, R., Sun, T., Huang, Y., Li, L., Dai, L., & Wang, C. (2022). A theoretical study of the tomographic reconstruction of magnetosheath X-ray emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2021JA029948.

Jung, J., Connor, H. K., Carter, J.A., Koutroumpa, D., Pagani, C., Kuntz, K.D. (2022). Solar minimum exospheric neutral density near the subsolar magnetopause estimated from the XMM soft X-ray observations on 12 November 2008. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2021JA029676.

Matsumoto, Y., & Miyoshi, Y. (2022). Soft X-ray imaging of magnetopause reconnection outflows under low plasma-β solar wind conditions. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL101037.

Samsonov, A., Carter, J. A., Read, A., Sembay, S., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Sibeck, D., & Escoubet, P. (2022). Finding magnetopause standoff distance using a soft X-ray imager: 1. Magnetospheric masking. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2022JA030848.

Samsonov, A., Sembay, S., Read, A., Carter, J. A., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Sibeck, D., & Escoubet, P. (2022). Finding magnetopause standoff distance using a Soft X-ray Imager: 2. Methods to analyze 2-D X-ray images. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2022JA030850.

Zhang, Y., T. Sun, C. Wang, L. Ji, J.A. Carter, S. Sembay, D. Koutroumpa, Y.D. Liu, G. Liang, W. Liu, W. Sun, X. Zhao, Solar Wind Charge Exchange Soft X-Ray Emissions in the Magnetosphere during an Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection Compared to Its Driven Sheath, ApJ. Lett., 932, L1, 2022;

Baraka, S. M., Le Contel, O., Ben-Jaffel, L., and Moore, W. B. (2021). The impact of radial and non-radial IMF on the Earth's magnetopause size, shape, and dawn-dusk asymmetry from global 3D kinetic simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029528.

Carter, J. A., Samsonov, A. A., Milan, S. E., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Ridley, A. J., Paxton, L. J., et al. (2021). Field-aligned current during an interval of By-dominated interplanetary-field; modeled-to-observed comparisons. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029722.

Connor, H. K.,  Sibeck, D. G.,  Collier, M. R.,  Baliukin, I. I.,  Branduardi‐Raymont, G.,  Brandt, P. C., , N.Y. Buzulukova, Y.M. Collado‐Vega, C.P. Escoubet, M.‐C. Fok, S.‐Y. Hsieh, J. Jung, S. Kameda, K.D. Kuntz, F.S. Porter, S. Sembay, T. Sun, B.M. Walsh, J.H. Zoennchen (2021).  Soft X‐ray and ENA imaging of the Earth's dayside magnetosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics,  126, e2020JA028816.

Lei Dai , Chi Wang, and Benoit Lavraud,  (2021). Kinetic Imprints of Ion Acceleration in Collisionless Magnetic Reconnection. The Astrophysical Journal919(1), 15.

Huang, Y., L. Dai, C. Wang, R.L. Xu, L. Li, A new inversion method for reconstruction of plasmaspheric He+ density from EUV images, Earth Planet. Phys., 5(2), 218–222, 2021;

Su, B., L.G. Kong, A.B. Zhang, B. Klecker, C.P. Escoubet, D.O. Kataria, L. Dai, Performance and simulated moment uncertainties of an ion spectrometer with asymmetric 2π field of view for ion measurements in space, Review of Scientific Instruments 92, 024501 (2021);

Sun, T.,  Wang, X., &  Wang, C. (2021).  Tangent directions of the cusp boundary derived from the simulated soft X‐ray image. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics,  126, e2020JA028314.

Tian, C.‐J.,  Du, H.‐D.,  Yang, P.‐L.,  Zhou, Z.‐M.,  Zhao, X.‐F., &  Zhou, S. (2020).  Automatic auroral boundary determination algorithm with deep feature and dual level set. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics,  125, e2020JA027833.

Hudec, R., G. Branduardi-Raymont, S. Sembay, V. Simon, European Space Agency SMILE and Czech participation, Astron. Nachr., 341, 341–347, 2020;

Samsonov, A.A., Bogdanova, Y.V., Branduardi‐Raymont, G., Sibeck, D.G., Toth, G. (2020),  Is the relation between the solar wind dynamic pressure and the magnetopause standoff distance so straightforward?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2019GL086474.

Sun, T., C. Wang, H.K. Connor, A.M. Jorgensen, S. Sembay, Deriving the magnetopause position from the soft X‐ray image by using the tangent fitting approach, J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 125, e2020JA028169, 2020;

Connor, H.K., and J.A. Carter, Exospheric neutral hydrogen density at the nominal 10 RE subsolar point deduced from XMM-Newton X-ray observations, J. Geophys. Res.: Space Phys., 124, 1612–1624;

Jorgensen, A.M., T. Sun, C. Wang, L. Dai, S. Sembay, F. Wei, Y. Guo, R. Xu., Boundary Detection in Three Dimensions With Application to the SMILE Mission: the Effect of Photon Noise. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 124, 4365– 4383, 2019;

Jorgensen, A.M.,  Sun, T.,  Wang, C.,  Dai, L.,  Sembay, S.,  Zheng, J.,  Yu, X. (2019).  Boundary Detection in Three Dimensions With Application to the SMILE Mission: the Effect of Model‐fitting Noise. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics,  124, 4341– 4355; .

Samsonov, A., Bogdanova, Y. V., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Safrankova, J., Nemecek, Z., & Park, J.-S. (2019). Long-term variations in solar wind parameters, magnetopause location, and geomagnetic activity over the last five solar cycles. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, 4049– 4063.

Sun, T.R., C. Wang, S. Sembay, R.E. Lopez, P. Escoubet, G. Branduardi‐Raymont, J.H. Zheng, X.Z. Yu, X.C. Guo, L. Dai, Z.Q. Liu, F. Wei, Y.H. Guo (2019), Soft X‐ray imaging of the magnetosheath and cusps under different solar wind conditions: MHD simulations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 124, 2435–2450;

Branduardi-Raymont, G., C. Wang, C.P. Escoubet, M. Adamovic, D. Agnolon, M. Berthomier, J.A. Carter, W. Chen, L. Colangeli, M. Collier, H.K. Connor, L. Dai, A. Dimmock, O. Djazovski, E. Donovan, J.P. Eastwood, G. Enno, F. Giannini, L. Huang, D. Kataria, K. Kuntz, H. Laakso, J. Li, L. Li, T. Lui, J. Loicq, A. Masson, J. Manuel, A. Parmar, T. Piekutowski, A.M. Read, A. Samsonov, S. Sembay, W. Raab, C. Ruciman, J.K. Shi, D.G. Sibeck, E.L. Spanswick, T. Sun, K. Symonds, J. Tong, B. Walsh, F. Wei, D. Zhao, J. Zheng, X. Zhu, Z. Zhu, SMILE definition study report, European Space Agency, ESA/SCI, 1, 2018;

Collier, M.R., & Connor, H.K. (2018), Magnetopause Surface Reconstruction from Tangent Vector Observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 123, 9022–9034;

Peng, S., Y. Ye, F. Wei, Z. Yang, Y. Guo, T. Sun., Numerical Model Built for the Simulation of the Earth Magnetopause by Lobster-eye-type Soft X-ray Imager Onboard SMILE Satellite, Optics Express, 26, 15138, 2018;

Samsonov, A.A.,  Sibeck, D.G.,  Dmitrieva, N.P.,  Semenov, V.S.,  Slivka, K.Y.,  Šafránkova, J., &  Němeček, Z. (2018).  Magnetosheath propagation time of solar wind directional discontinuities. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics,  123,  3727– 3741.

Sibeck, D.G., Allen, R., Aryan, H., Bodewits, D., Brandt, P., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Brown, G., Carter, J.A., Collado-Vega, Y.M., Collier, M.R., Connor, H. K., Cravens, T.E., Ezoe, Y., Fok, M.-C., Galeazzi, M., Gutynska, O., Holmström, M., Hsieh, S.-Y., Ishikawa, K., Koutroumpa, D., Kuntz, K.D., Leutenegger, M., Miyoshi, Y., Porter, F. S., Purucker, M. E., Read, A.M., Raeder, J., Robertson, I.P., Samsonov, A.A., Sembay, S., Snowden, S. L., Thomas, N.E., von Steiger, R., Walsh, B.M., Wing, S., Imaging Plasma Density Structures in the Soft X-Rays Generated by Solar Wind Charge Exchange with Neutrals, Space Sci. Rev., 214: 79, 2018,

Soman, M.R., D.J. Hall, A.D. Holland, R. Burgon, T. Buggey, J. Skottfelt, S. Sembay, P. Drumm, J. Thornhill, A. Read, D. Walton, G. Branduardi-Raymont, W. Raab, P. Verhoeve, D. Agnolon, C. Woffinden, The SMILE Soft X-ray Imager (SXI) CCD Design and DevelopmentProceedings of the 11th International Conference on Position Sensitive Detectors, The Open University, Milton Keynes, England, 3 - 8 September 2017, Journal of Instrumentation, C01022, 2018

Wang, C., G. Branduardi-Raymont, Progress of Solar Wind Magnetosphere Ionosphere Link Explorer (SMILE) Mission, Chin. J. Space Sci., 38, 657-661, 2018;

Branduardi-Raymont, G. and C. Wang, A Novel and Global Way to Explore Solar-Terrestrial Relationships: SMILE, Space Research Today, COSPAR Information Bulletin, 200, 32-39, 2017


Branduardi-Raymont, G., C.P. Escoubet, K. Kuntz, T. Lui, A. Read, D. Sibeck, T. Sun, B. Walsh, C. Wang, Link between Solar Wind, Magnetosphere and Ionosphere, 9. ISSI-BJ Magazine, Ed.s A. Yang and M. Falanga, October 2016

Raab, W., G. Branduardi-Raymont, C. Wang, L. Dai, E. Donovan, G. Enno, P. C. Escoubet, D. Kataria, L. Li, D. Lumb, A. M. Read, D. Rebuffat, J. Romstedt, S. Sembay, E. Spanswick, A. Wielders, A. Zhang, J.Zheng, SMILE: A Joint ESA/CAS Mission to Investigate the Interaction Between the Solar Wind and Earth’s Magnetosphere, Proc. SPIE 9905, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 990502 (11 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2231984;

Branduardi-Raymont, G., C. Wang, SMILE Team, SMILE (Solar Wind Magnetosphere Ionosphere Link Explorer): X-ray Imaging of the Sun-Earth Connection, Proceedings of the conference XMM-Newton: The Next Decade, ESAC, Madrid, Spain, 9-11 May 2016.


Sun, T. R., C. Wang, F. Wei, and S. Sembay (2015), X-ray imaging of Kelvin-Helmholtz waves at the magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 266–275, doi:10.1002/2014JA020497.


Branduardi-Raymont, G., S.F. Sembay, J.P. Eastwood et al. (2012), AXIOM: Advanced X-ray imaging of the magnetosphere, Exp. Astron., 33, 403-443.