SPICE data, also known as "kernels" for ESA Planetary missions are produced by the ESA SPICE Service. Two types of data are available from this website:

  • Operational kernels
  • PSA PDS Archived kernels

If you are not familiar with how to use SPICE data, we recommend you to read about the following explanation provided by NAIF.


The ESA SPICE Service operates a repository that stores all the SPICE kernels for ESA missions, including the several mission-independent (generic) kernels used by all missions. This kernels are for currently active missions or legacy missions and they are/were used for science operations by the Science Ground Segments during the lifespan of the mission. This kernels where either generated or were accessible by the ESA SPICE Service.

This kernels are used during the day to day operations of the missions by the Science Ground Segment and the insturment teams and are usually automatically generated by a pipeline. This kernels are recommended for users that fall within the scope of the described applicability of the kernels. 

The data used for each mission can be found here:

Mission Dataset status Link to data Version
ExoMars 2016 Operational spiftp.esac.esa.int Release Notes
BepiColombo Pre-Operational spiftp.esac.esa.int Release Notes
JUICE Pre-Operational spiftp.esac.esa.int Release Notes
Solar Orbiter Pre-Operational spiftp.esac.esa.int  
Mars-Express Operational ssols01.esac.esa.int Release Notes
Rosetta Legacy spiftp.esac.esa.int Release Notes
Venus-Express Legacy spiftp.esac.esa.int  
SMART-1 Legacy spiftp.esac.esa.int  
Chandrayaan-1 Legacy spiftp.esac.esa.int  


The original ancillary data used to produce the SPK, CK and SCLK SPICE kernels (typically original from ESOC) is preserved and is accessible as indicated in the mission specific SPICE kernel repository.


The ESA SPICE Service creates an official, peer reviewed archive of the ESA missions SPICE data sets and stores them into the ESA's Planetary Science Archive (PSA). There, the archived SPICE data are available to anyone interested. The archive for each mission can be found here:

Mission Standard Link to Archive
ExoMars 2016 PDS4 Coming soon
BepiColombo PDS4 Coming later
Mars-Express PDS3


Rosetta PDS3


Venus-Express PDS3



WARNING: The SPICE Archive links will do not work with Google Chrome Browser.

For each mission the kernels and associated descriptive information are provided as a single PDS data set. These are accumulating PDS data sets. For SPICE users who don't need the most recent flight operations kernels, acquiring these archived kernels using the PDS SPICE Archives link above is by far the best approach. This way you'll be sure to get the entire collection of archived kernels available as of the current archive date.