Welcome to the XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre


The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.

Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.

Read more about the spacecraft, mirrors and instruments and about the XMM-Newton SOC.

News and Highlights

first-analysis-of-stellar-winds-from-three-sun-like-stars-N24939First analysis of stellar winds from three sun-like stars 13-May-2024
An international research team, including a CNRS researcher (see box), has for the first time detected X-ray emissions from the astrospheres of three solar-type stars, thus providing new constraints on the mass loss rates of these stars. This study, based on observations with the XMM-Newton space telescope, is published in Nature Astronomy in April 2024.
Further details on Techno-Science.net web portal.

news20240430Cosmic dance of the ‘Space Clover’ 3-May-2024
Leveraging the advanced capabilities of the XMM-Newton telescope and the complementary multi-wavelength observations, the team unveiled the origin of the ORC as a cosmic dance of two galaxy groups.
Further details on Max Planck Institute web portal.

No_afterglow_in_X-rays_and_visible_light_from_a_giant_magnetar_flareNo afterglow in X-rays and visible light from a giant magnetar flare 24-Apr-2024
To learn more about the explosion, scientists swiftly directed XMM-Newton to observe in X-rays, and used ground-based optical telescopes, including the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) to follow-up in visible light.
Further details on ESA web portal.

Telescopes-Paint-Stunning-View-Of-Galaxy-Cluster-With-Black-Hole-JetsTelescopes Paint Stunning View Of Galaxy Cluster With Black Hole Jets 8-Apr-2024
Views of a massive galaxy cluster Abell 2256 have been captured by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, ESA’s XMM-Newton and three radio telescopes (LOFAR, the GMRT and the VLA). See a composite of all the views here. Credit: NASA/CXC/A. Hobart
Further details on Space.com web portal.

persistent-hiccups-draws-astronomers-new-black-hole-behavior-0327Persistent “hiccups” in a far-off galaxy draw astronomers to new black hole behavior 1-Apr-2024
“This is a brilliant example of how to use the debris from a disrupted star to illuminate the interior of a galactic nucleus which would otherwise remain dark. It is akin to using fluorescent dye to find a leak in a pipe,” says Richard Saxton, an X-ray astronomer from the European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC) in Madrid, who was not involved in the study.
Further details on MIT News web portal and Astronomický ústav AV ČR youtube channel.

2024-03-cataclysmic-variable-astronomersNew cataclysmic variable discovered by astronomers 1-Apr-2024
By analyzing the data from ESA's XMM-Newton and Gaia satellites, astronomers from the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP) in Germany and elsewhere have detected a new magnetic cataclysmic variable system, most likely of the polar type.
Further details on Phys.org web portal.