Welcome to the XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre


The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.

Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.

Read more about the spacecraft, mirrors and instruments and about the XMM-Newton SOC.

News and Highlights

Brandt6-2024How do supermassive black holes get super massive? 12-Jun-2024
Combined X-ray surveys and supercomputer simulations track 12 billion years of cosmic black-hole growth[...]. The research team used complementary data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, the European Space Agency’s X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission-Newton (XMM-Newton), and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics’ eROSITA telescope.
Further details on Eberly College of Science web portal.

spider-pulsarStudy investigates a massive 'spider' pulsar 31-May-2024
Recently, Stanford University's Andrew Sullivan and Roger Romani employed ESA's XMM-Newton spacecraft to take a closer look at J2215. Based on the XMM-Newton data, they produced orbital light curves of J2215 and used them to model the system properties.
Further details on Phys.org web portal.

first-analysis-of-stellar-winds-from-three-sun-like-stars-N24939First analysis of stellar winds from three sun-like stars 13-May-2024
An international research team, including a CNRS researcher (see box), has for the first time detected X-ray emissions from the astrospheres of three solar-type stars, thus providing new constraints on the mass loss rates of these stars. This study, based on observations with the XMM-Newton space telescope, is published in Nature Astronomy in April 2024.
Further details on Techno-Science.net web portal.

news20240430Cosmic dance of the ‘Space Clover’ 3-May-2024
Leveraging the advanced capabilities of the XMM-Newton telescope and the complementary multi-wavelength observations, the team unveiled the origin of the ORC as a cosmic dance of two galaxy groups.
Further details on Max Planck Institute web portal.

No_afterglow_in_X-rays_and_visible_light_from_a_giant_magnetar_flareNo afterglow in X-rays and visible light from a giant magnetar flare 24-Apr-2024
To learn more about the explosion, scientists swiftly directed XMM-Newton to observe in X-rays, and used ground-based optical telescopes, including the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) to follow-up in visible light.
Further details on ESA web portal.

Telescopes-Paint-Stunning-View-Of-Galaxy-Cluster-With-Black-Hole-JetsTelescopes Paint Stunning View Of Galaxy Cluster With Black Hole Jets 8-Apr-2024
Views of a massive galaxy cluster Abell 2256 have been captured by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, ESA’s XMM-Newton and three radio telescopes (LOFAR, the GMRT and the VLA). See a composite of all the views here. Credit: NASA/CXC/A. Hobart
Further details on Space.com web portal.